Grasses, Seeds, Moss and Trees

Do you know what native Australian grasses look like? Or can you tell the difference between a wattle pod and a gum nut? Here are some examples to get you started!

Is that a native grass or a weed? Native grasses are often smaller, turn green earlier when it rains and stay green for longer. Weeds are also much harder to pull out of the ground than native grasses.

  • Kangaroo Grass Gumnut Trails ID gallery illustration

    Kangaroo Grass

    It grows to 1m tall and is one of our most common native grasses. In Summer the leaves are greeny/ blue, before turning rusty-purple and straw colour in Winter.

    It grows in tufty clumps in open areas. They don’t like it super-dry.

  • Fluffy Native Grass sketch Gumnut Trails

    Fluffy Wallaby Grass

    These grasses like it dry and can be found under big trees where nothing else will grow.

    The seeds are fluffy to look at and touch,. They grow to around 50cms talll.

  • Windmill native grass Gumnut Trails illustration

    Windmill Grass

    3You can’t miss this one! The seeds look like a windmill and are green to purple in colour.

    The florets (windmill part) grow up to 20cms tall.

  • Weeping Grass Gumnut Trails illustration

    Weeping Grass

    This grass has a very droopy (weeping) head! It grows to just over 50cms tall and has bright lime green leaves. It grows in open areas like the Kangaroo Grass.

  • Wattle Seed Pods

    They hang in clumps from the trees and are 5 to 10cms long. They are a larger seed than most other native seeds.

  • She-Oak Seed cone Gumnut Trails illustration

    She-Oak Cones

    She-oak cones are about the size of a 50cent coin. They are spiky and hard. They contain lots of little seeds.

    I think the cones look like a tiny echidna!

  • Golden Wattle Gumnut Trails ID gallery illustration

    Golden Wattle Flowers

    Our famous wattle plant - green and gold and worn by Olympians! It grows to 5 meters tall and has lovely clusters of bright yellow flowers in Winter to Spring

  • Drooping She-Oak tree Gumnut Trails Illustration

    Drooping She-Oak Tree

    These she-oaks can grow up to 4 to 10ms tall, have lovely drooping branches and hair-like foliage. The cones grow off the branches and are about the size of a 50cent coin.

    Bushman chew on the leaves when thirsty as the acid creates saliva in your mouth.

  • Cherry Ballart Seed and Fruit Gumnut Trails ID Gallery Illustration

    Cherry Ballart Berry & Seed

    This fluffy green tree only grows up to 6ms tall and is a Native Cherry! It looks like a pine tree and has needle-like foliage (not leaves).

    These small red cherries are edible and appear in Winter to Spring! The seed is on the outside of the cherry.

  • Red Gum capsules and flowers Gumnut Trails illustration

    Red-Gum Capsules

    These big Red Gum trees have very small seeds! The gum nuts (or capsules) grow in clusters along the branches.

    The gum nuts are about 1cm long each. They have white or yellow flowers and also contain the small River Red Gum seeds.

  • Moss and lichen Gumnut Trails illustration

    Moss and Lichen

    Moss likes growing in cooler places where there’s less sun. It can grow on rocks, tree, logs… It doesn’t have roots and was one of the first plants on Earth about 450million years ago.

  • Bracket Fungi Gumnut Trails illustration

    Bracket Fungi

    Also called Shelf Fungus - they are a tough and sturdy fungus that grows horizontally on both living or dead wood.. They can last for years and a big cluster of caps could weigh several hundred pounds.